Specular microscopy creates a digital photograph of the endothelial cell layer to diagnose early stages of a corneal disease.
The inner surface of the cornea (surface of the eye) contains a single layer of cells called the corneal endothelium. This blanket of cells that faces the section between the corneal stroma and the anterior chamber helps optometrists calculate and evaluate the health of the eye prior to surgical procedures or hard to fit contact lens patients.
Specular microscopy allows our optometrists to detect early signs of endothelial cell deterioration, which often comes as a result of corneal diseases, such as uveitis, Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, keratoconus, or corneal edema. Furthermore, specular microscopy can indicate the cause of corneal edema, such as contact lens overuse or post eye surgery.
Our practice utilized specular microscopy as a non-invasive technique to capture high-resolution photos of the corneal endothelium, which we combine with computer-assisted morphometry to determine the cornea’s shape, size, and a population of endothelial cells.
The most accurate method to analyze the corneal endothelium is through specular microscopy. Specular microscopy provides in-depth imagery that is quick and efficient compared to standard corneal topography.
As endothelium cells provide nourishment for the entire cornea, a low count of endothelium cells has been linked to dry eye disease. In addition, endothelial cell counts help assess the cornea’s health prior to cataract surgery or LASIK surgery. Specular microscopy offers an optometrist the ability to diagnose and create a treatment plan to prevent further degradation of the corneal endothelium.
For more information about specular microscopy, contact our practice today.